Learning graphic design for dummies or beginners is a fun start, especially for someone who have artistic souls with high curiosity. In this digital era, there is a lot of media to learn graphic design more easily.
You can find various graphic design information and tutorials in this virtual universe very easily and for free. Without the need for a course, you can even learn independently (self-taught) or even without a real teacher to be able to become a design expert. And here in this article i will give you any information and knowledge that really important for you.
Graphic Design Softwares
There are many graphic design software that you can use to start learning design. The most popular and even standard in the graphic design industry today are mostly products from the Adobe company. Just call Photoshop, whose greatness is no doubt about the matter of photo manipulation.
In addition to Photoshop, which is commonly used for photo editing, there is still more graphic design software for the business of making vector designs. Examples of design software commonly used in this vector category are Adobe Illustrator and Corel DRAW. You can make logos, animated characters, brochure designs, calendars, posters, and much more. The following software or application programs commonly used in the graphic design industry by professionals:
Photoshop has become a standard in the graphic design industry today. Many professional circles produce extraordinary photo editing and manipulation works with the help of Photoshop. Replacing background, photo manipulation, creating a design interface for a program (user interface), designing web designs, 3D images, and much more can be done using Photoshop.
Many people already know that Photoshop is actually paid software. But many people use the pirated version, maybe if for the purpose of learning or education, Adobe can still be kind enough to forgive (maybe 😀).
But if it is used for commercial purposes, it is certainly very, very prohibited. Therefore, instead of using a pirated version, then as an alternative you can use free image editing software, even though the features are still inferior to Photoshop. Here are two free Photoshop software alternatives:
Photoshop Alternative: Gimp
Gimp is very popular with Linux users, especially because it is free and open source. But Gimp is not only available for Linux, but also available for Windows and Mac OSX.
Photoshop Alternative: Krita
Krita has an interface or display program similar to Adobe Photoshop CC and Adobe Illustrator. Krita can be used to edit photos, but is more focused on drawing. What is also a Krita plus value is that it can be used to create vector images like Adobe Illustrator.
Illustrators are specifically designed to make vector designs. You can make logos, animated characters, or anything else that involves vector design illustrations.
Making various shapes of characters that you will create will be even easier to do with the help of the Adobe Illustrator software. Fun, you will be able to combine it with Photoshop to beautify visual effects, for example in terms of coloring to give certain color or style effects.
CorelDRAW is a graphic design software for editing and creating vector images like Adobe Illustrator. The difference is, CorelDRAW is made by the Corel Corporation company with their own distinctive features. CorelDRAW can be used to create logos, vector animated characters, create brochures, calendar designs, posters, photo sketches, and things related to other vector designs. CorelDraw also provides a special template that makes it easy for users to create certain designs as needed.
Types of Design Based on the Category
In general, software or graphic design application programs currently distinguish designs based on two main categories. Namely vector design drawings and raster design drawings. Raster design is also commonly referred to as a bitmap. To be clearer, we will explain about the two types of images and what are the differences between the two.
What is Vector?
Vector images are graphic file formats based on mathematical expressions consisting of anchor points, lines, and shapes.
Vector images also have a term commonly referred to as an anchor point. The point is that the anchor point is that each point (node) is connected to make certain forms. These anchor points can be added, deleted, or moved along lines to make certain shapes as desired.
Vector images will not blur or break when enlarged. The original size will be maintained without any slight deterioration in quality.
Vector images allow users to maintain the quality of their designs in various formats and resolutions. In vector files, each point, line, and shape are created completely measured (using the mathematical expression concept).
Vector images will not be blurred or broken, either when minimized or enlarged, the size and quality will be well maintained.
In graphic design, ordinary vectors are used to make:
- Element on the website page
- Business cards, brochures, posters, etc.
Vector images are very suitable to be used for print (print), because the quality of the colors on the computer screen will remain the same when printed with the printer (on paper, books, or other print media).
Because in general vector images use the CMYK color format (cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black)). While raster images usually use the RGB (red, green and blue) color format. Although the actual use of color format in graphic design software is optional or adapted to certain conditions.
Software commonly used for vector designs is:
- Adobe Illustrator (paid – best and most popular to use, can be combined with Photoshop)
- CorelDRAW (paid – the most popular alternative)
- Inkscape (free – available for Windows, Linux, and Mac OSX)
- Sketch (paid – specifically for Apple Macintosh OS)
- Affinity (paid – initially specifically only for the Apple Macintosh OS. But now it supports Windows) Learn more about vector-based graphic design software, please read on this page.
Vector Image File Formats :
- AI – File format from Adobe Illustrator
- EPS – (Encapsulated PostScript) vector-based file format that also belongs to Adobe
- SVG – (Scalable Vector Graphics) is a standard vector file from the W3C organization for website needs DXF – (Drawing eXchange Format) is the standard file format of the Autodesk company AutoCAD program
What is Bitmap?
After knowing what raster design and vector design are, then we discuss the differences between the two. This discussion will be more focused on what is the difference between raster images and vector images.
Image bitmaps are arranged by objects called pixels. The density of thousands to millions of color boxes (pixels) arranged to form an image is called resolution.
The bitmap image will not break if the size is reduced, but it will look blurry and break if the size is enlarged from its original size.
Bitmap images also require high resolution if you want to print (print). If not, then the image will look blurry or cracked in the print. This is also what makes the size of the bitmap image file larger than the size of the file from the vector image.
The bitmap image is very appropriate to use if the image has many complex color gradations and also the image in the image. Bitmap images will look very smooth to display a blend of many colors. For example in a photo, or digital painting.
In addition, because the computer screen displays images with a resolution in pixels, the image that will be displayed is a bitmap type image. Of course this type of image is indeed the most popular used in the digital world.
Bitmap Image File Formats :
- PSD (“PhotoShop Document”): A standard format for Photoshop software with layer support.
- TIFF (“Tagged Image File Format”): Allows image compression without loss of quality. Also used as an alternative to a smaller size PSD.
- JPEG (“Joint Photographic Expert Group”): An image compression system that is very popular in the world of digital computers and photography.
- PDF (“Portable Document Format”): Allows to store vector images and bitmaps in document form. Very useful for files to be printed.
- GIF (“Graphics Interchange Format”): Generally used as a moving image using 256 colors to produce layers like animation.
- PNG (“Portable Network Graphics”): Uses a compression system that allows transparency in the image. PNG has the same transparency capabilities as GIF files, but with better quality. PNG is also popularly used to design user interface components on websites or interfaces in a program. RAW (“Right Angle Weave”): Known as digital negative. Which is popularly used in the world of photography.